From The Tripartite Life Of Saint Patrick, pp. 93-99:
It is certain as can be that Snám dá Én is the modern day Drumsna (Droim ar Snámh, “the ridge of the swimming place”), Co. Leitrim. Then Patrick went into the province of Connaught by Snám dá Én over the Shannon. There Patrick found the fertas (bar? bank?), namely, the earth was raised up under Patrick in the ford; and the learned still find that ridge. And he went into the harbour at once, and there died Buad-moel, Patrick's charioteer, and was buried in that place. Cell Buadmóil is its name, and it belongs to Patrick.
 Now when the wizards of Loegaire, son of Niall, heard of all the things that Patrick was doing (they were) Moel and Caplait, two brothers; it is they that reared Loegaire's two daughters, Ethne the Fair and Fedelm the Ruddy—they brought thick darknesses over the whole of Mag Ai, through might of the devil, for the space of three days and three nights. Then Patrick made prayer to God, and bent his knees, and sained the plain so that it was dark to the wizards and light unto every one (else). And he gave thanks unto God. All the darknesses were banished from Mag Ai.
 And they went over the Shannon to Duma Graid. Therein he ordained Ailbe an archpresbyter, and he is in Sen-chua with the descendants of Ailill; and Patrick informed him of a stone altar in Sliab Hua-n-Ailella under the ground, with four glass chalices at the four angles of the altar, et dixit, “Beware of breaking the edges of the excavation.” For he was among the descendants of Ailill. And he baptized holy Mane, whom bishop Brón son of Icne ordained, [and] who is in Caisel Irroe, a servant of God, a companion of Patrick.
 Patrick went to Mag Glass. There he founded Cell Mór Maige Glaiss, and left therein two of his household, namely Conleng and Ercleng. Then he came into the territory of Corcu-Ochland to this side of the Hui-Ailella and to the north of Badgna. Two brothers were biding in that place, namely, Id and Hono: wizards were they. Said Hono to Patrick, “What wilt thou give me for that land?” Said Patrick, “Life eternal.” Said Hono, “Thou hast gold: give (some) to me for it.” Patrick replied, “I have given my gold to all, but God will give (me) other (gold).” He afterwards found a lump of gold where the swine were rooting, and Patrick gave him that mass of gold for his land. Tír in Brotha (i.e., the land of the mass.) is its name. Then said Patrick, “Thou shalt not be a king, nor shall any of thy seed reign for ever.” But Patrick took pity on his tears, saying: “He shall not be king whom thou [i.e. thy posterity] wilt not accept and wilt not ordain.” Which thing hath been fulfilled. The race of Macc Erce is the mightiest and firmest in Connaught; but they do not rule like overkings.
 Óno, son of Oengus, son of Erc the Red, son of Brón, from whom descend the Húi-Ónach, offered his dwelling to Patrick; and Imlech Onand was its name then, but Ail Find (White Stone) to-day. The place is named Ail-find from the stone (ail) which was raised out of the well that was made by Patrick in the green and which stands on the brink of the well: it is called from the water [find (fair)]. And Patrick said, “Thy seed shall be blessed, and there shall be victory of laymen and clerics from thee for ever, and they shall have the inheritance of this place.” And he placed there Assicus and Bite son of Assicus, and Cipia mother of Bite the bishop. The holy bishop Assicus was Patrick's copper-smith, and he made altars and quadrangular tables and quadrangular book-covers in honour of Patrick, and one of these quadrangular tables was in Armagh, and another in Ailfind, and another in Domnach Mór Maige Seolai, on the altar of Felart the holy bishop with the Húi-Briuin Seolai far westward from Ailfind.
 However, Assicus [in shame because of a lie told by him,] went in flight into the north, to Sliab Liacc in Tír Boguini. He abode seven years in an island there, and his monks were seeking him, and after (much) trouble found him in the mountain-glens, and brought him thence with them, and he (namely Assicus) died with them in the wilderness, and they buried him in Raith Cungai in Serthe, for he had declared that he would not go again into Mag-Ái on account of the falsehood which had been uttered by him there. Hence is said, “Time to travel into Serthe.” And the king of the land gave to him, and to his monks after his death, the grazing of a hundred cows with their calves and of twenty oxen, as a permanent offering. His relics are in Raith Cungai, and to Patrick belongs the church (although) the community of Colomb Cille and Ard Sratha have come down [encroached] upon it.
 Patrick went from Ail Find to Dumacha Húa n-Ailella, and founded a church there, namely Senchell Dumaige, and left therein Maichet and Cetchen and Rodan an archpresbyter, and Mathona Benén's sister, who took the veil from Patrick and from Rodan, and was a monkess of theirs.
 While Patrick was biding at Duma Graid, ordaining the great host, he smiled. “What is that?” saith Benén. “Not hard to say,” saith Patrick. “Brón and Monk Olcán are coming towards me along the Strand of Eothaile, and my pupil Mac Erca is with them. The wave of the flood made a great dash (at them), and the boy was afraid of being carried away.” That was a prophecy.
 Then he went through the bounds of Húi-Ailella, and founded the church east in Tamnach, and it was covered by God and by men. And she (Mathona) made friendship with Saint Rodan's relics, and their successors feasted in turns. But after this they placed by the holy church in Tamnach bishop Cairell, whom Patrick's bishops, Brón and Bite, ordained.
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drumsna ]
The harbour would be on the Charlestown peninsula and the land between Duma Graid (Doon of Drumsna) and the west bank of the Shannon River. It is very probable there was a harbour or point of portage for boats on the Shannon River on the west bank after crossing over from Drumsna.
Cell Buadmóil seems to be lost to time, although it would appear to be between the Doon of Drumsna and the Shannon River.
The second paragraph seems to be an added afterthought of a purely hagiographical nature, or "junk", which is picked up again later for St. Patrick's visit to Crúachan on p. 99.
As mentioned, Duma Graid is a certain as can be the Doon of Drumsna. Graid could be a contraction of rígraid (genitive case) which refers to kings, chiefs, or princes; so Duma Graid = Duma Rígraid, or Mound (Bulwark) of the Kings, which would be very apropos of the Doon of Drumsna.
[ https://dcg.genealogy.network/article-d ... msna.xhtml ]
Senchau is Shancough Parish in the Barony of Tirrell, Co. Sligo. Note that it only says Ailbe was ordained as archpresbyter at this time, but NOT in Senchau, rather at the Doon of Drumsna. St. Patrick tells of the stone alter at Slíab Uí Ailella, which is identified by some as Carrane (Corran) Hill in Co. Sligo, because he was among the Uí Ailella at the Doon of Drumsna. He also baptized Bishop Maine of the Uí Ailella at the Doon of Drumsna.
[ https://www.sligoheritage.com/Archnewsround.htm St. Patrick in Sligo ]
[ https://www.logainm.ie/en/2145 ]
[ https://mountainviews.ie/summit/590/ ]
Bishop Maine was ordained by Bishop Brón, but it was apparently Bishop Brón, not Bishop Maine, who was later in Caisel Irroe, which was the earlier name for Killaspugbrone, or Cill Easpaig Brón, meaning “The Church of Bishop Brón”. It was located on the coast west of Sligo Town and near the modern resort of Strandhill. The structure of the sentence “And he baptized holy Mane, whom bishop Brón son of Icne ordained, [and] who is in Caisel Irroe, a servant of God, a companion of Patrick.” apparently should be more like “And he baptized holy Maine, a servant of God, a companion of Patrick, whom bishop Brón son of Icne, who is in Caisel Irroe, ordained.”
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Killaspugbrone ]
There are TWO different Moyglass Townlands in Co. Roscommon, as indicated on the left side of the map above. It is my STRONG belief that the one mentioned in The Tripartite Life is the northern one because it is located in Kilmore Parish, near the Doon of Drumsna AKA Duma Graid; and Kilmore = Cell Mór. It is also more in line with St. Patrick's journey route.
Sources seem to agree that Corca Achlann was comprised of the 3 parishes of Bumlin, Kiltrustan and Cloonfinlough. Those are the 3 parishes shown on the left of the map above, although the southernmost Cloonfinlough Parish looks like 2 separate parishes. Compare to the boundaries of Corca Achlann on the right.
[ Topographical Poems, p. xl, note 303 ]
[ http://sites.rootsweb.com/~irlkik/ihm/connacht.htm#ach ]
[ https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-p ... /pp334-341 ]
It is unclear whether “This side of the Hui-Ailella” means to the south or the east of the Uí Ailella; but Bádgna = Slieve Bawn. This fits the older map on the right, as well as the newer map on the left, rather well. What this indicates to me is that Tír Briúin na Sinna was probably originally part of the Uí Ailella territory; and that the Uí Ailella were probably the designated Dál Cuinn guardians/keepers of the Doon Of Drumsna.
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slieve_Bawn ]
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Tuathas ]
The story of Óno and Id/Ith is somewhat confusing. It is said that it was in Corcu Ochland/Corca Achlann, but is later identified as Elphin. T. H. Knox, in his opus The History Of The County Of Mayo, p. 20, says:
But I cannot find the Corca Con Lúain anywhere else. They are called the Corca Ochland or Achland everywhere that I can find; although I did find that some think this is an alias for Corca Sechlainn. So IDK where Knox got Corca Con Lúain.The Three Tuaths, Hy Briuin na Sinna, Corcachland, and Cinel Dobhtha, claimed descent from Erc Derg, son of Brian. But the Book of Armagh and the Tripartite Life make it clear that they came from Erc, son of Bron, of the Corca Chonluain. Descendants of the Erc from whom they came seem to be the Maicne Erc, sons of Heric, who were in Moylurg in St. Patrick's time. These appear to be the Hy Broin, who were distinguished from Hy Briuin by Tirechan, who calls them [Filii] Briuin and Filii Broin. Though they do not descend from Brian, it is not unlikely that the Corca Chonluain had a common ancestor with the Conmaicne, and so being of the royal race, were not under tribute, being included in the direct dominions of the King of Silmurray, as the Calry are omitted because immediately under the Hy Fiachrach kings, as I suppose. Beyond this we know not who were in possession of the rest of Magh Ai and of the Three Tuaths.
[ https://www.libraryireland.com/names/ir ... chlann.php ]
[ https://www.electricscotland.com/webcla ... ney/20.htm ]
[ https://www.electricscotland.com/webcla ... ney/80.htm ]
From the first Electric Scotland link above:
This states the Corca Achlann were NOT Dál Cuinn, but rather Ciarraige. Yet Bishop Maine of the Uí Ailella clearly says the Meicc Ercca, the Sons of Ercc, were his brethren in The Tripartite Life, p. 145; which contradicts this. So were Ono and Id/Ith (Dobthae?) Uí Ailella? The Tripartite Life lists these men as the 6 sons of Brión on p. 107:It is significant in this connection that the land for St. Patrick’s church at Elphin in County Roscommon was originally donated for that purpose by the Archdruid Ona. The descendants of Ona, the Corca Achlan or Corca Seachlann, of the same stock as the Ciarraighe (see Chapter VIII), branched into several families. The main family here was that of MacBrannan (Mac Branain) or O’Brannan (Ó Branain), a branch of whom, known as the Ui Branain, later the Maclnerneys or Nerneys (Mac an Airchinnigh, literally "son of the Erenagh"), were, interestingly enough, erenaghs (hereditary abbots) of St. Patrick’s church at Elphin. A family of O’Brannans served as Erenaghs of Derryvullan in County Fermanagh. Another branch of the Corca Seachlann, the Cineal Mac Erca or O’Monahans (Ó Manachain) faked a descent from the Ui Briuin, and were called the Ui Briuin na Sionna.
- Bolc Derc (Bolc the Red) <=> Óengus Baillderg
- Derthacht <=> Durthach
- Eichen <=> Eichin
- Cremthan <=> Crimhthann
- Coelcharna <=> Cáel Cárna
- Echaid <=> Eóchád
But The Tripartite Life gives the genealogy of Óno as:Dobtha, son of Aengus, son of Erc the Red, son of Brian, son of Eochaid Muigmedon
[ https://celt.ucc.ie/published/T201000F/text003.html ]
I am convinced that the addition of Ercc Derg as a son of Brión came about due to conflation of Brión with Brón, which seems to be backed up by the fact that The Tripartite Life does not list Ercc Derg as a son of Brión. Bolc Derc has a similar meaning to Baillderg, so I am convinced that Bolc Derc is NOT Ercc Derg, but rather Óengus Baillderg, as shown. Further, the Cenél Dobthai, the descendants of the putative brother of Óno, have long been regarded as Uí Briúin, but again, The Tripartite Life clearly says otherwise.Óno, son of Oengus, son of Erc the Red, son of Brón
So, are the Corca Achlann Mac Branáin/Brennan, Cenél Dobthai Ó hAinlige/O’Hanly and the Uí Briúin inda Sinna Ó Máenacháin/O’Monaghan septs of the Uí Ailella? If so, then I expect to find them under one of the 9 unknown direct sublcades of R1b-DF105:
Paragraph 6 about the Bishop Assicus is a parenthetical insertion whose main purpose seems to be to assert the See of Armagh's control over the church at Raith Cungai; so more hagiographical junk.
Dumacha Húa n-Ailella and the church there, namely Senchell Dumaige, appear to have been just to the west of Elphin in what is now Shankill Townland in Shankill Parish, Co. Roscommon. This again begs the questions of where the southern and eastern boundaries of Uí Ailella abutted the northern and western boundaries of Corca Achlann, and who did Óno, Id/Ith, and/or Dobthae descend from.
Paragraph 8 is more hagiographical junk to basically be ignored.
Paragraph 9 is a grammatical syntax nightmare, apparently because of the insertion of paragraph 8. “The text is in great confusion, owing, apparently, to the interpolation of the last preceding paragraph...It appears from the Book of Armagh, 12, a. 1, that it was Mathona that founded the church in Tamnach and made friendship to S. Rodan's relics, whatever this may mean.” So St. Patrick did NOT make a wild turn to the north from Shankill before going to Crúachan. Tamnach is now Tawnagh Townland in Tawnagh Parish, Barony of Tirerrill, Co. Sligo.
[ https://www.logainm.ie/en/57321 ]
All of this indicates the the original territory of the Uí Ailella may have extended from as far north as Sligo Town to as far south as Elphin.
Conflation of names, both places and people, and misunderstanding of correct grammatical syntax are the 2 biggest banes of early Irish records. A very clear example of this is the conflation of the names Brón and Brión, which are two very distinct and separate names. For another example, please see this post in The Uí Maini Puzzle thread about the conflation of Áth do Laaraic near Boyle, Co. Roscommon with Áth-dá-Laracc in Cenannus, that is Kells, in The Tripartite Life, p. 105.From Moyglass (near Toberpatrick) Patrick went into the territory known as Corca Ochland, as it is called in the Tripartite (Life of Patrick). It was north of Sliabh Badgna, now Slieve Bawn, the most conspicuous object on the southern horizon; but it was on ‘this side,’ that is, to the south of Hy Ailella, for the men of Tirerrill then claimed as their own all the mountain land from Lough Gill, near Sligo, to the neighbourhood of Elphin. At the present time the district is comprised in the barony of Roscommon, and was always considered a part of Magh Ai. But the term ‘Corcagh Achlann’ was in later times more properly applied to the eastern part of the district from Strokestown to Elphin, which was the tribe-land of the O’Brennans and O’Hanlys.
[ https://irelandxo.com/ireland-xo/histor ... inn-elphin ]
Overall, there is a lot of good info in The Tripartite Life; sadly, it became adulterated with later hagiographical junk. But it is still worth studying with a cautious eye towards obvious conflation and grammatical syntax errors.Lárac is an Irish word meaning 'limb' or 'thigh', and it is found in other Gaelic place-names, for example Áth dá Loracc near Kells (Co. Meath) recorded in 1176 and Áth do Laaraic near Boyle (Co. Roscommon) first mentioned in 1197.
[ https://www.academia.edu/es/1499801/Vik ... _Waterford ]